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APA 7th Edition Style Guide: About APA

How to set-up and cite your sources using APA 7th edition format.

About APA Changes

The APA Handbook, 7th edition was published in 2019 and adopted by IRSC Libraries in August 2020. Many databases and citation generators have been updated to the 7th edition. Please check with your instructor about which version of APA to use in your assignments.

About this Guide ...

Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual; others are recommendations from IRSC librarians.

Changes from APA 6th Edition to APA 7th Edition

Old Way (APA 6th Edition)

New Way (APA 7th Edition)

The running head for the title page is different than the running head for subsequent pages

The running head rules are “simplified,” and running heads are not required for student papers

The title page has only three elements The title page has expanded to include the professor's name, the course number, course name, department, and date

A pronoun should reflect the same number as the noun it replaces

Use of singular “they” is endorsed

Type "Retrieved from" before copying and pasting a URL in your end references The use of "Retrieved from" before a URL is no longer needed

The first in-text citation mentions up to five authors

The first in-text citation of a work by more than two authors may list only the first author, followed by “et al.”

The reference section lists seven authors of a single work

The reference section lists up to 20 authors for a single work

Book references disclosed publisher location

Book references omit publisher location

Two spaces after a period to end a sentence is acceptable

Use one space after a period, unless otherwise directed


APA References

The standard citation style guide book for the fields of business, education, health science, public service, and social science is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition, 2020. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual. We commonly refer to it as "the APA Manual".

The business, education, health science, public service, and social science departments at IRSC recommend APA format for papers written in these fields.

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.


Creative Commons License

APA 7th Edition Style Guide by Indian River State College Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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