Once you type your references on the reference page, you will need to put in a hanging indent and double-space the entire reference list. In Microsoft Word, highlight the references from A to Z, then find the paragraph function in the Word ribbon. Select Hanging under Indentation and Double under spacing. See the Formatting your References tab for instructions on doing this on a Mac or in Google Docs.
Abbas, D. D. F. (2020). Manipulating of audio-visual aids in the educational processes in Al-Hilla University College. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(3), 1248-1263. https://doi.org.db12.linccweb.org/10.37200/ijpr/v24i3/pr200875
|Material Type||In-text Citation||Reference|
A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a way to keep track of content in a digital environment. Many publishers are assigning a DOI to each article in an issue. The DOI is unique and can be used by the reader to locate more citation information about the article. When a DOI is assigned, use it in place of other locating material (URL or database name). Older DOIs may be in the doi: XXXX format, convert these to a weblink by adding https://doi.org/ before the DOI number. The ##-## represents the page number range of the article. The first example refers to print journals or journals from a database without a DOI assigned. The second format is for any journal article when a DOI is assigned. The third example is for journal articles available for free online, no DOI assigned.
Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##.
Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial., Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author’s Last name, First Initial Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. https://doi.org/XXXXXXXX
Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. https://doi.org/XXXXXXXX
Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. URL
|Article from a print journal (no DOI)||(Marshall & Clark, 2010).||
Marshall, M. & Clark, A. M. (2010). Is clarity essential to good teaching? Teaching Philosophy, 33(3), 271-289.
Notice that periodical titles are capitalized like the standard title capitalization where all major words in the title are capitalized, Title of Periodical.
|Article from a print journal (with DOI)||(Chaffee & Weston, 2010).||Chaffee, B. W. & Weston, S. J. (2010). Association between chronic periodontal disease and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Periodontology, 81(12), 1708-1724. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2010.100321|
|DOIs now frequently are made to be resolved more easily by adding the prefix http://dx.doi.org/ When this prefix is used, you do not need the doi: before the http in your reference. See an example below.|
|Article from a journal in a database with a DOI with the http prefix||(Cheung, et al., 2017).||
Cheung, J. H., Kulasegaram. K. M., Woods, N. N., Moulton, C., Ringsted, C. V., & Brydges, R. (2017, April 22). Knowing how and knowing why: Testing the effect of instruction designed for cognitive integration on procedural skills transfer. Advances in Health Science Education, 23(1), 61-74. https://doi-org.db12.linccweb.org/10.1007/s10459-017-9774-1
|Article from a journal in a database (no DOI)||
Badke, W. (2009). How we failed the net generation. Online, 33(4), 47-49.
|Article from database or Internet (with DOI)||
Whitlock, J., Eells, G., Cummings, N., & Purington, A. (2009). Nonsuicidal self-injury in college populations: Mental health provider assessment of prevalence and need. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 23(3), 172-183. https://doi.org/10.1080/87568220902794366
|Article from the Internet (available to anyone, no DOI assigned)||
Negi, N. J., Bender, K. A., Furman, R., Fowler, D. N., & Prickett, J. C. (2010). Enhancing self-awareness: A practical strategy to train culturally responsive social work students. Advances in Social Work, 11(2), 223-234. http://journals.iupui.edu/index.php/advancesinsocialwork/article/view/482/1787