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APA 7th Edition Style Guide: Course Materials

How to set-up and cite your sources using APA 7th edition format.

Formatting your References

Once you type your references on the reference page, you will need to put in a hanging indent and double-space the entire reference list. In Microsoft Word, highlight the references from A to Z, then find the paragraph function in the Word ribbon. Select Hanging under Indentation and Double under spacing. See the Formatting your References tab for instructions on doing this on a Mac or in Google Docs.


Abbas, D. D. F. (2020). Manipulating of audio-visual aids in the educational processes in Al-Hilla University College. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(3), 1248-1263.

Course Materials

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        

Previous editions of APA Style treated course materials in an online Learning Management System (i.e. Blackboard) as personal communication. APA 7th edition gives examples as to how to cite these materials as the audience for a student paper will have access to these course materials. Use the login/homepage URL for items that have a login required.

General Format:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of work [Descriptor]. Site Name. URL

Organization Name. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of work [Descriptor]. Site Name. URL

Personal author listed

(Parker, 2020)

Parker, K. (2020). Module 3: Introduction to key terms [PowerPoint slides]. Blackboard.             

Organization as author

(Indian River State College, 2020).

Indian River State College. (2020, July 20). IRSC student handbook [PDF]. Blackboard.   

No discernible title (Croft, 2020).

Croft, J. (2020, August 14). [Lecture notes on healthcare innovations]. Blackboard.