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What to IncludeAuthorsDateTitlesEditionsVolume/IssuePaginationNon-Routine InformationPlace of PublicationPublishersRetrieval Statement
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American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. Examples based on the sixth edition of the Publication Manual from the APA.
Last Updated: Aug 25, 2014 URL: http://irsc.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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About this Guide ...

Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual; others are recommendations from IRSC librarians.

 

APA Manual

A copy of this manual is available in all IRSC campus libraries.

Cover Art
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - 6th edition
ISBN: 9781433805615

 

APA References

The standard citation style guide book for the fields of business, education, health science, public service, and social science is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual. We commonly refer to it as "the APA Manual".

The business, education, health science, public service, and social science departments at IRSC recommend APA format for papers written in these fields.

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.

 

Publications

Publications take on many forms, but the basic components of an original research article include:

  • Title and title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion

APA guidelines do not require headings for most sections. This guide is provided by the IRSC libraries. Always ask your instructor for specific directions pertaining to your assignment.

 

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