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MLA Style Guide, 8th & 9th Editions: Other Formats

This LibGuide reflects the changes to MLA style as directed by the MLA Handbook, Eighth & Ninth Editions.

Other Formats

Material Type In-text Citation Works Cited
Transcript (of radio broadcast or interview, etc.) (Diane Rehm Show)

The Diane Rehm Show. Hosted by Diane Rehm, National Public Radio, 20 May 2008. Transcript.

[Transcript.] is a supplemental element used because this is an unexpected type of work and to specify the work was read and not heard.

Online course materials from Blackboard (or another LMS) (VanCamp)

VanCamp, April. "Module 2." Blackboard, uploaded by VanCamp, 8 May 2022,

Lecture or live performance (Obama)

Obama, Barack. Inaugural Address by President Obama. 21 Jan. 2013, United States Capitol, Washington, D.C. Address.

[Address.] is a supplemental element included because this is an unexpected type of work.

Physical object experienced firsthand (Dali)

Dali, Salvador. Apparatus and Hand. 1927, The Dali Museum, St. Petersburg, Florida.

Online video ("Why Does the Gender Pay Gap Still Exist?")

"Why Does the Gender Pay Gap Still Exist?" YouTube, uploaded by CNN Business, 10 Apr. 2018,

How do I cite generative AI in MLA Style?

Learn more about citing AI technologies like ChatGPT in this article from the MLA Style Center.