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APA Style Guide: Journal Article

American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. Examples based on the sixth edition of the Publication Manual from the APA. By Alexis Carlson

Journal Article

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        
   

A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a way to keep track of content in a digital environment. Many publishers are assigning a DOI to each article in an issue. The DOI is unique and can be used by the reader to locate more citation information about the article. When a DOI is assigned, use it in place of other locating material (URL or database name). The ##-## represents the page number range of the article. The first example refers to print journals or journals from a database without a DOI assigned. The second format is for any journal article when a DOI is assigned. The third example is for journal articles available for free online, no DOI assigned.

General Format:

Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##.

Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial., Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author’s Last name, First Initial Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. doi:XXXXXXXX

Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. doi:XXXXXXXX

Author’s Last name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), ##-##. Retrieved from URL

Article from a print journal (no DOI) (Marshall & Clark, 2010).

Marshall, M. & Clark, A. M. (2010). Is clarity essential to good teaching? Teaching Philosophy, 33(3), 271-289.

Notice that periodical titles are capitalized like the standard title capitalization where all major words in the title are capitalized, Title of Periodical.
                                                           

Article from a print journal (with DOI) (Chaffee & Weston, 2010). Chaffee, B. W. & Weston, S. J. (2010). Association between chronic periodontal disease and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Periodontology, 81(12), 1708-1724. doi: 10.1902/jop.2010.100321
    DOIs now frequently are made to be resolved more easily by adding the prefix http://dx.doi.org/ When this prefix is used, you do not need the doi: before the http in your reference. See an example below.
Article from a journal in a database with a DOI with the http prefix (Cheung, Kulasegaram, Woods, Moulton, Ringsted, & Brydges, 2017).

Cheung, J. H., Kulasegaram. K. M., Woods, N. N., Moulton, C., Ringsted, C. V., &  Brydges, R. (2017, April 22). Knowing how and knowing why: Testing the effect of instruction designed for cognitive integration on procedural skills transfer. Advances in Health Science Education, 23(1), 61-74. https://doi-org.db12.linccweb.org/10.1007/s10459-017-9774-1 

Article from a journal in a database (no DOI)

(Badke, 2009).

 

Badke, W. (2009). How we failed the net generation. Online, 33(4), 47-49.

Article from database or Internet (with DOI)

1st citation
(Whitlock, Eells, Cummings, & Purington, 2009).

Subsequent citations
(Whitlock et al., 2009).

Whitlock, J., Eells, G., Cummings, N., & Purington, A. (2009). Nonsuicidal self-injury in college populations: Mental health provider assessment of prevalence and need. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 23(3), 172-183. doi: 10.1080/87568220902794366

 

Article from the Internet (available to anyone, no DOI assigned)

1st citation
(Negi, Bender, Furman, Fowler, & Prickett, 2010).

Subsequent citations
(Negi et al., 2010).

Negi, N. J., Bender, K. A., Furman, R., Fowler, D. N., & Prickett, J. C. (2010). Enhancing self-awareness: A practical strategy to train culturally responsive social work students. Advances in Social Work, 11(2), 223-234. Retrieved from http://journals.iupui.edu/index.php/advancesinsocialwork/article/view/482/1787

 

Elements of a Journal Citation

Not sure what each element of a citation means? Here is a step-by-step guide on understanding a citation, and creating your own!

The DOI System