Skip to main content

APA Style Guide: Unpublished Manuscripts/Informal Publications (i.e. course packets and dissertations)

American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. Examples based on the sixth edition of the Publication Manual from the APA. By Alexis Carlson

Unpublished Manuscripts/Informal Publications (i.e. course packets and dissertations)

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        
   

Unpublished manuscripts refer to material that is meant for publication. This material may use terms such as; preprint, manuscript in preparation, manuscript submitted for publication, unpublished manuscript, or unpublished raw data. Informal publications include course packets.                                             

Cite previously published material

(Hirsh & Rangan, 2013).

Hirsh, E., & Rangan, K. (2013, January/February). The grass isn't greener. Harvard Business Review, 91(1), 21-23.

   

When citing previously unpublished or unattributable (no citation to the original) material, use the course packet title as the source (often this is a course number and name, use whatever is printed on the front of the packet). Use the course instructor or packet editor as the editor. Use the college as the publisher. Note-Comp. stands for compiler in the examples below.

Cite unpublished or unattributed material (author listed) (Bronson, 2013).

Bronson, E. (2013). Table of company earnings by growth rate. In F. Harber (Comp.), MAR2011: Principles of marketing (pp. 15-16). Fort Pierce, FL: Indian River State College.

 

Cite unpublished or unattributed material (no author) ("Table of company," 2013).

Table of company earnings by growth rate. (2013). In F. Harber (Comp.), MAR2011: Principles of marketing pp. 15-16. Fort Pierce, FL: Indian River State College.

 

    Dissertations refer to master's theses and doctoral dissertations. These may be published in a database or freely available online or they may be unpublished.
Cite unpublished dissertation or thesis (Skidmore, 2017). Skidmore, K. L. (2017). The effects of postpartum depression among young mothers who give children up for adoption (Unpublished master's thesis). Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
Cite a dissertation published in a subscription database (Woods, 2014).

Woods, S. (2014). Does the race of police officers matter? Police officers on interactions with citizens and police procedures (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Criminal Justice Database. (Order No. 3665295)